Yang Lu Chan’s old house and Tai Chi in Yongnian

The Wu Yu Xiang style Tai Chi

I found this video recently of an old gentleman called Mr Han practicing his Tai Chi form in the courtyard in front of the old house of Yang Lu Chan (the founder of the Yang style, pictured top left) in Yongnian County, Hebei province.

The video says he’s practicing Wu Yu Xiang’s (1818-1880, pictured top right) varient of Tai Chi, but I don’t find his performance particularly typical of that style as it is usually presented with much smaller stances than he’s using. It’s possible of course that this is what an ‘older’ version of the style looked like. It’s more similar to what we know as Yang style today.

The Wikipedia take on Wu Yu Xiang was that he was a “scholar from a wealthy and influential family who became a senior student (along with his two older brothers Wu Chengqing 武澄清 and Wu Ruqing 武汝清) of Yang Luchan. Wu also studied for a brief time with a teacher from the Chen family, Chen Qingping, to whom he was introduced by Yang.”, which I think is accurate.

It’s interesting that he learned from Yang LuChan, but also went back to try and find the teacher that Yang learned from, presumably, to find out details he was missing, or simply out of curiosity. It turned out that Chen Changxing (Yang’s teacher) said he was too sick to teach and instead referred Wu to Chen Qingping who was living in Zhaobao (赵堡) village, just down the road. He studied with him for a few months. The whole thing does sound a bit like a brush off to me.

Also, I think we can assume that Wu financially supported the teachers he learned from, since he was wealthy. Here we can see the birth of the Ching Dynasty idea that a martial artist could earn a living purely from teaching these arts.

Wu, and his brothers, allegedly found the documents we now call the Tai Chi Classics in a salt cellar, however, I’d say it’s much more likely that they are the authors of these documents (which are really just a collection of old martial arts sayings), given that they were wealthy scholars. Especially since they definitely did author some other writings on Tai Chi themselves.

Wu taught his nephew Li Yi-Yu, who in turn taught Hao Weizhen (郝為真; 1842–1920) who was the person who made the style popular, so it is often called Hao Style.

The video above is the sort of Tai Chi form I associate with Wu Yu Xiang’s style today, but if we go back to the video taken outside Yang’s house in Yongnian, the Tai Chi starts at 54 seconds. If you notice Mr Han’s performance looks a lot more like Yang style.

If anything I think this just shows that the further you go away from the source of something, the more it inevitably changes. Tiny little changes, amplified by time, end up with big differences in the end results.


4 thoughts on “Yang Lu Chan’s old house and Tai Chi in Yongnian

  1. I do a Hao-style tai chi form that looks more like Yang and the form in this video than modern Hao style. My lineage is not from Hao Yueru but from a Wang Yiwan who studied with Hao Weizhen and does not appear in any well-known lineage trees.


  2. Pretty sure that the teacher in the first video (Han Hui-ming) is performing an older form of Yang style rather than Wu (Yuxiang) style. This is based not just on Chinese internet sources (which say he learnt his Yang style from a student of Yang Banhou) but also from my own enquiries when I visited Yongnian around a decade ago. Han Huiming was a very well-known teacher locally, no-one I spoke to ever mentioned he had studied Wu(Hao) style.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Pingback: Yang Lu Chan’s old house and Tai Chi in Yongnian — The Tai Chi Notebook – SMA bloggers

  4. It’s like being raised in a village where everyone speaks French, knows the history of French, knows how to decline the verbs, and so on. You leave the village and the French behind as you strike out on your own and raise a family with two sons. You teach your two sons how to speak French, as best you can, but there is no longer a village around you, supporting your French-speaking with all sorts of additional input.

    Your two sons have children who learn and even further-devolved version of French and, besides, they’re not all that interested in the family’s French obsession. Those grandchildren know even less about French and they have no way of getting more information. One of the children devotes a lot of his early years learning German, in fact (Yang Cheng Fu studied Shuai Jiao at first; not Taiji).

    Each successive generation loses parts of the necessary information. They don’t “improve on the language of French” with their changes; they simply lose the original teachings. That’s what has happened to the Yang-style Taijiquan, once Yang Lu Chan left the village where he learned the Chen-style Taijiquan.

    Liked by 1 person

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s